Debate on Globalization (Discussion Questions from FASH455)

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#1 What are some things we can tell to someone like Mr. Lucentini, who saw firsthand all of the shops and factories of people who worked hard getting replaced by cheaper global alternatives and immigrants to convince him that globalization isn’t entirely destructive?

#2 On the one hand, native Italians feel that the increasing immigrant population took away their economic opportunities, resulting in job losses and closure of local textile mills with decades years of history. However, within the Chinese community, many say that these warehouses were empty before Chinese people came over. They argue that Chinese people didn’t “take jobs but created them.” What is your view on the arguments?

#3 As globalization expands, it can cause an increase in immigration causing significant changes in small towns that are not economically or socially ready for drastic fast-pace change and can cause issues and division in a country. With this how can small towns such as Prato, Italy adapt or be educated on the pros of globalization? What do you think the local government could or should do to help their residents?

#4 Technology is one of the driving factors of globalization, but it has also helped increase the gap between the rich and the poor in countries like the US. What do you think countries and/or companies can do to resolve this type of inequality?

#5 The articles discussed many benefits and hardships inflicted by globalization. Based on these facts, do you think globalization has gone too far, not far enough, or has it been heading in the wrong direction?

#6 Why or why not do you think ordinary Americans (not elites) have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization?

(Welcome to our online discussion. For students in FASH455, please address at least two questions and mention the question number (#) in your reply)

Author: Sheng Lu

Professor @ University of Delaware

83 thoughts on “Debate on Globalization (Discussion Questions from FASH455)”

  1. #6 I feel that globalization is not beneficial for middle to lower class Americans because there jobs are either being automated or shipped over seas. This creates a greater disparity between middle class income and the income of the American elites.
    #4 I think that countries can work to close this gap by offering free education programs to teach these workers the skills they need to be involved in the technical and planning part of the operation rather than the manufacturing itself.

    1. Hi Samantha! I had an idea similar to your education program. I think it would be a great way to give people, who had lost their jobs due to not having the skills, the skills to be successful in a higher paying, higher skilled job.

    2. I agree with your response to #4 as I believe that improved educational programs could better prepare the future work force for the increasingly digital/technological workplace. If these machines are taking over certain tasks, people should be trained more in the creation and management of this technology so that they may use it to their advantage and maybe even improve it themselves.

    3. I agree with your answer for question #4. The main way to help those that are at a disadvantage due to globalization and narrow the gap is to provide free education programs for those individuals. This access to education can help to retrain people to gain new skills and allows to them to pursue another job and gain economic success.

    4. I think your viewpoint on #6 is really interesting. I looked at globalization as being the most beneficial for middle to lower class Americans from the viewpoint of the costs of products. Without globalization, I think a lot of Americans would be worse off in the sense that they would be paying a lot more for products than they could with globalization. I totally agree with you on the point that jobs are unfortunately being taken over by machines, which is leaving many of these middle and lower class citizens without jobs. Retraining workers and educating them would definitely be a way to help them to gain more confidence in different jobs.

    5. When I tried to think of ideas to help bridge the gap between the rich and poor I struggled to think of any possibilities. It’s such a difficult problem to attempt to fix, but I really think that your idea of an education program is great! There are so many education programs nowadays, that it makes sense to offer the opportunity for workers to learn the skills they need to stay involved in the advancing globalization. Great idea!

    6. Some people share the same concerns. For example, as we discussed in the class today, given the nature of the US economy, export-oriented sectors in the US are more likely to be those that are capital and human talents intensive. In comparison, fewer jobs that only require a high school degree have remained in the country. A meaningful question to think about is how to make ordinary Americans feel more about the benefit of trade and globalization.

  2. #6 the ordinary American benefits from cheaper prices for products produced elsewhere and from a far bigger selection of choice to fulfil individual demands. As far as apparel and footwear is concerned – I think it is an illusion that globalization and delocation of production has destroyed jobs in this industry. Production apparel and footwear in the US is far too expansive. It would have gone down anyhow. It is the Job of the Government to replace these industries and jobs by others with a far higher creation of value. I live in an area (in Germany) where 50-60 years ago hundredhousands of people have worked in textiles, Fashion and leather factories. They are now working in the automotive sector, Engineering and IT. It was and still is one of the whealthiest regions not only in Germany but in Europe. Sorry to say, but China is following this model at the moment as well. Apparel and Footwear as the first industries to develop a country are now moving from the industrial coastal areas eastwards and are Substituted by other industries. This is not rocket science – this is not communism – that´s simply strategic industrial Policy. Country.

    1. good point, Bernd! it is important to recognize that trade (including imports) also creates many well-made non-manufacturing jobs in the US, such as design, sourcing, supply chain management and retailing. Study shows that 70% of the value of imported clothing stays in the US.
      Also, similar to the example you mentioned, while North Carolina remains the largest textile manufacturing hub in the US, the economy of North Carolina has become more diversified, supported by a wide range of sectors other than textiles, from autos, bios to financial services: https://www.nccommerce.com/business/key-industries-north-carolina

  3. #6 Ordinary Americans, middle class, benefit from globalization because the products are made so cheaply in other countries, that they can be sold for a value that they can afford if they are middle class. If products were made in America, there are regulations that need to be followed such as the pay of workers, how long they can work, at what age they can work, so companies would be spending more money making the product so they would charge more for the product when other countries don’t have the regulations that we have and can have workers work long hours and pay them so little.

    1. I agree. Americans can benefit from outsourcing globalization because products can be made at a cheaper price and higher margin, meeting the demand of consumers. It allows consumers to pay less for clothing and therefore buy more for their buck. However, Americans can be losing jobs domestically because companies are outsourcing to other countries to manufacture goods. It is a tradeoff where someone is always losing.

  4. #4 Technology is causing a huge gap between rich and poor countries. As more developed countries create new technology to further education and manufacturing, poor countries do not have the resources to keep up with competition. They fall further behind in trade and lose a valuable source of income. One thing that can bridge the gap between rich and poor countries is the spread of knowledge. There can be training programs to help teach lower skilled workers the correct skills and trades needed to perform in a higher skilled job. They therefore will not get laid off because their skills are no longer needed as technology fulfills them at cheaper costs. The spread of knowledge has long term positive effects because it is solving the unskilled worker problem and giving workers education that they can use for the rest of their lives.

    1. I agree with your statement! I think it is very important to bridge the gap between rich and poor countries and spreading knowledge is a great start to doing so. Implementing training programs will help people become more educated and hopefully allow other countries to advance as well.

  5. #4 Technology is one of the driving factors of globalization, but it has also helped increase the gap between the rich and the poor in countries like the US. What do you think countries and/or companies can do to resolve this type of inequality?

    I think that if we utilized technology to offer educational programs to some of the lower wage workers, or those who have lost their jobs, we can give them the higher skills to work the better jobs with the new technology. They could take online classes while working another job. Or, the governments of the countries where this is an issue could devote part of their budget to giving out grants to those affected by globalization in order to afford the education and survive at the same time.

    #2 On the one hand, native Italians feel that the increasing immigrant population took away their economic opportunities, resulting in job losses and closure of local textile mills with decades years of history. However, within the Chinese community, many say that these warehouses were empty before Chinese people came over. They argue that Chinese people didn’t “take jobs but created them.” What is your view on the arguments?

    I think if native Italians could see the situation from a broader perspective, they would realize that the jobs they had are still there, just with a different system and management. The differing views has major parallels to the US right now with our immigration issues. The native Italians could definitely still have those jobs, but they are too deep into their racist mindsets to see that.

    1. I completely agree with your response to question #4. I think people should be more educated on the technology used in globalization so it gives more people of fair advantage and immerse themselves in the industry further. And if more people were educated on the topic, there may be more ideas and further innovations more often with globalization.

    2. I agree with your answer to #4. I think it would be very beneficial to provide educational programs to workers who are losing their jobs to globalization and technology. Taking online classes or retraining programs are great ideas to help those individuals.

  6. I believe globalization overall has created many positive effects and is going in the right direction. Positive things like goods at a lower price and providing us consumers the option of having products of better quality are just two things that have become available due to globalization. While there are some negative effects like job displacement, this is something that is to be expected with technological advances. Everything in the world comes with good and bad effects, though it seems in this case the good is out weighing the bad.

    1. I agree with your standpoint! I think globalization has caused a lot more benefits than detriments, but these detriments cannot be taken into account. The environment has taken a huge hit because of the cheap manufacturing of apparel and textiles. There is a lot of pollution and terrible working conditions due to globalization. However, consumers are demanding more sustainable methods so companies are making a change in their supply chain management.

    2. I agree with your comment on how globalization has many positive effects like better quality products and goods at a much lower price. Like I said in my other blog post globalization and basically anything in life has to come with some downfalls and job displacement happens to be one of them.

    3. I think it’s great that you have acknowledged both the pros and cons of globalization. Many people are quick to overlook the downfalls of free trade such as job displacement, poor ethics, and the increased demand for faster goods which is resulting in cut corners within the supply chain. Like Allie mentioned below, however, the pressing sustainability trend within our industry is holding many companies accountable which offsets some of these concerns.

  7. #5
    I think that Globalization is going in the right direction as of now because it has opened up so many jobs for so many people in the world. Unfortunetaly it has done some harm to workers in countries where technology is now coming to the forefront and jobs have been displaced. I think we will just have to see in the near future where Globalization takes us.

    #6
    I think that ordinary Americans have been benefitting from globalization for a while because now we are getting products for cheaper. To the middle and lower class people those extra couple of dollars that are kept in their pockets every month are helpful.

    1. I agree with your thoughts on #5. I think its a great thing that it opened so many doors for jobs for people who need it, but there are also some downfalls with working conditions or people may have lost jobs due to the changes. I agree that we unfortunately have to see how everyone will be affected long term.

  8. #4 Technology is one of the driving factors of globalization, but it has also helped increase the gap between the rich and the poor in countries like the US. What do you think countries and/or companies can do to resolve this type of inequality?

    While technology definitley has benefitted society as a whole the difference between the wealthy and the impoverished is definitley huge. One of the ways that we can bridge this gap is for companies to either increase the pay for the people within their companies or for the government to follow the concept of Universal Minimum Wage a concept enforced by many to allow for people living in poverty to have a higher quality of living.

    #6 Why or why not do you think ordinary Americans (not elites) have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization?

    I think that many Americans who are not elite have felt some of the positives for globalization, it allows access to many things that they would not be able to afford if it was produced in the United States. However there is also an issue for those who would benefit from factory jobs as many are moved overseas to allow for more affordable goods. While globalization can be positive for many it can be an issue for others not always depending on status but rather job situation.

    1. I agree with your stance that business can be a force that lessens the inequality that exist between lower and higher paid workers. Certainly, increasing wages would allow the lower-paid employees to experience a better standard of living

    2. You make a great point and I agree with your statement for #6. Many americans have felt positives such as cheaper items but there are still issues around globalization.

    3. I agree with you Kaylee on how the elite have felt the positives on globalization which cheaper & under cit prices. Who would want to overpay when sourcing in their own country? But I do think it is hard in the larger picture for those people to really see what it is doing to other people such as job opportunities for other American factory workers. In addition, not to mention the high usage of technology that they may not even be needed.

  9. #6: Americans are so far from the realities of globalization, that I think many of them don’t even know what occurs. Living in a developed country, many people are naive to the poor working conditions that are present in industries such as the fast fashion industry that demands the lowest prices in the shortest amount of time. I believe that ordinary Americans are the winners of globalization simply because they are not aware of the realities of the business.

    #3 As new immigrants are migrating to these areas given the need for work, it becomes hard for communities to regulate these people. In one way, the government should limit the amount of employment competition in their areas for their local people, but on the other side, the local governments do not want to limit their economy from this business. I think providing the community with regulations and laws that limit unfair/unsafe working conditions would benefit everyone involved and create happier people.

    1. I agree with your comment on #6 Olivia. Very well said. I do believe Americans are far removed from the realities of globalization.

    2. I agree with your statement for #6. Many Americans take advantage of cheap prices and are contributing to globalization without realizing the full affects. I believe it is our duty as technology advances to better factory conditions and sustainability in the production process, and to overall stay educated and develop new skill sets as job roles change.

    3. I completely agree with your answer to #6. As Americans, we are definitely lucky to be living in a developed country where we are blind to many of the labor conditions plaguing factories in countries like Asia, who are the backbone of the fast fashion industry. We are definitely the winners in the exchange because we are gaining access to much cheaper products than we would be able to have without globalization.

  10. #5 I do not necessarily think globalization has gone too far, but I do believe it has the potential to. With globalization has come the need for cheaper and faster products. And with cheaper and faster products can come some bad things. Like unsafe labor conditions, cheap or free labor, sustainability issues, etc. So while globalization has been a very good thing and can be good, there can always be repercussions if certain precautions are not taken.

    #6 I think ordinary Americans have been have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization because many of us are so far removed from the reality of it. We live in an obviously developed country and when we buy things we dont necessarily realize where it comes from and while many thing are produced in America, most of what we are purchasing is not. We are the beneficiaries of globalization.

  11. 5. Globalization has helped many developing countries get their economies up and running and it has reaped numerous benefits from it. However, I do feel that globalization has the potential of going too far. For example, it is so easy to purchase products online from all over the world. With that being said, this has the potential to have negative effects. With certain products being so easy to attain, it could possibly cause future harm because of the easy accessibility.
    1. Some things that one could tell Mr. Lucentini would be that although some want cheaper and quicker access to certain products, there will always be some others that prefer to pay a quality product in comparison to a cheaper option. In addition to this, it is hard to tell him that globalization is not destructive when it is directly affected him in a negative way. However, overall, globalization is not entirely destructive and has reaped numerous benefits for countless countries and economies.

  12. #5 I believe globalization is heading in the wrong direction because there has to be a certain amount of accountability with a country’s government when allowing globalization. Obviously making products for cheaper and also faster will boost economy but it will also in turn place the unemployed workers at a major disadvantage. Without legislation protecting the workers of a country while also fostering economic growth there is the possibility for boycotts.

    #6 There is a major gap between the wealth of the upper and lower class in the United States which could be explained by the offshoring and globalizing of certain markets.

    1. I agree that the government needs to intervene with the effects of globalization. They need to be more direct with what is good for America and help the people who are at a loss from the negative effects of globalization.

  13. #1: I think that one thing that shows that globalization isn’t entirely destructive is that it can introduce different areas and people to new technologies that can aid them in creating better and different products that they would not had the ability to otherwise.
    #4: While technological advancements can mean great things for the speed and quality of manufacturing output, I also do believe that it can put certain populations at a disadvantage financially. One way I feel that we can better prepare people to compete in this high-tech advancing market is to provide greater funding for public education and incorporate more of the incoming technologies in schools so that people grow up using this technology and are able to more easily adapt in their future positions in the workforce.

    1. I totally agree with you! I think that providing programs and finance for general education or specialized programs in technology would really help put developing countries at eye level with already developed countries like the United States. The only issue is how this money is going to come about? People in these less-developed countries do not have a lot of money and most likely this money would come out of their own pockets through taxes. Other than that, I do think the idea itself is a great way of creating more jobs for less-developed countries through technology.

  14. #1 Mr. Lucentini needs to think of globalization in a positive light. One must accept change and see that businesses are bringing in more work as the Chinese immigrants created jobs in the abandoned warehouses. It is more beneficial for the town to thrive with new workers than for it to sit doing nothing.
    #4 Technology is a great contributor to globalization and has brought many positive effects to the United States. However, the inequality US wage gap is rising, and people who are not equipped for high-skilled labor are being put out of work. The government needs to subsidize education and make it more affordable for people to learn about these new technologies and the jobs that are created with these innovations.

    1. I agree with your response to #1. Consumers are demanding goods fast and cheap, if our world did not adapt to this then our economy would suffer. I believe that Mr. Lucentini needs to use his anger for good in utilizing technology and developing new innovative ways to produce goods, while maintaining its quality.

  15. #6 Why or why not do you think ordinary Americans (not elites) have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization?
    I believe that ordinary Americans (not elites) have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization. I believe this because globalization gives ordinary American access to goods they wouldn’t normally have access to because the prices are lower. Elites also benefit, but they don’t necessarily need the benefits as much as ordinary Americans do. Elites don’t have to worry about whether or not they can afford something.

    #1 What are some things we can tell to someone like Mr. Lucentini, who saw firsthand all of the shops and factories of people who worked hard getting replaced by cheaper global alternatives and immigrants to convince him that globalization isn’t entirely destructive?
    Mr. Lucentini seems like a very close minded individual and may not change his view on this topic no matter what. He is very adamant in his ways. We can try to show him how globalization benefits him as well. It is close to impossible to use/own products strictly from one country. We can try to convince him by showing him what he wouldn’t have without globalization. It is very hard for him to see the positives because of the declining environment around him, but sometimes the benefits of something outweigh what has to be given up.

    1. I agree with your answer for #6. Americans have highly benefited from globalization. It allows a larger amount of people to have higher consumption rates for a lower price. As consumers, it would be very difficult to stop globalization because we rely so heavily on it.

    2. I think your perspective that it’s the ordinary Americans that are benefitting from globalization is very interesting, and I agree in someway. Normally, I would never be able to access or create a good or service anywhere outside of my immediate area. I can’t hire someone, or myself, to find fabric from India and silk from China to design a shirt. It’s a process that requires globalization. Globalization certainly has it’s negative side effects, but also very positive ones as well.

  16. #6 Ordinary Americans are both winners and beneficiaries of globalization. Americans are able to purchase goods at a cheaper price, giving more options to lower income households. However, this is only possible if production jobs are moved overseas and taken from Americans.
    #5 I believe that globalization has veered in dangerous paths in the past, however, there is still a lot more we can improve on so that globalization can progress positively. If we continue to improve factory conditions and sustainability, then globalization will have less of a negative stigma. Also, with the increase in technology, the power of globalization will increase and continue to advance. Due to this, the government must make sure our citizens are informed and provide training opportunities to learn skill sets that will benefit them as their jobs are no longer needed and new jobs are created.

  17. #2 Yes, outsourcing to other countries could ‘take away’ jobs from people, but they are in fact creating new jobs for people in other countries that don’t already have them. I can see from both sides because the workers in Italy are now out of a job, and don’t want to pack up their life and move to another place to work in a factory when they had a similar job at home, but people in China now have an opportunity to work at a job.

  18. #4 Technology is something that is continually advancing every single day. I think that the issue revolves around technology growing and advancing too quickly than countries/companies can keep up with. I think that when it concerns countries, the main resolution concerns the economic independence and growth that developing and less-developing countries can achieve on their own, before engaging in world affairs. It is obviously easier said than done due to the different resources and conditions found in each country, but once countries find that basis and ground within their own country, they will be able to stand strong on their own even if they are hurt by the effects of globalization.

    #6 I think that ordinary Americans have been one of the biggest winners of globalization because it allows people to continually prosper within our economy. Without globalization, our economy wouldn’t have reached the heights that it has reached today. Globalization has helped to provide jobs to many Americans with decent minimum wage rates, working conditions, and high standards of living compared to other countries. It has allowed ordinary Americans not just to “get by,” but to prosper. I think the reason that globalization works so well in America rather than other developing/less-developed countries is because of the independence we obtained before engaging in foreign affairs.

  19. #6 The ordinary Americans have been the biggest winners of globalization because this has allowed for more products to move into their price range. Most of the jobs lost do not impact this specific group because it is standard that the average American attends college. This been more negative for the lower class Americans because a lot of the jobs that they would be qualified to do with out a college degree are being outsourced to people in other nations.

    #4 I think that we can close the gap by offering programs that will allow less developed nations to becoming more educated on these technologies. This could be achieved through programs such as the peace corps.

    1. I think you raise a great point about the importance of education and skills training in less developed countries. In addition to versing workers in newer technologies within the T&A industry, I think we should also be providing training for other fields in order to diversify the workforce, build up foreign economies, and continue innovating globally.

  20. #1 I believe that we need to tell someone like Mr. Lucentini should know that the majority of local jobs are lost not due to immigrants and cheaper global alternatives but by technology. Technology is replacing many factory worker jobs, which helps companies remove the cost of labor. Many companies reach this alternative because it is cheaper and more efficient. People like Mr. Lucentini can help the workers that are losing jobs in his area by retraining them to be able to perform other jobs within the company. These jobs are not coming back so it is better to educate workers for another job option than to fight to get jobs back in your country that will soon be obsolete.
    #4 I think the main way to narrow the gap between the rich and the poor in many countries is providing free education programs for those that are being left behind. Give free and easily accessible access to those individuals that are losing jobs to globalization.

  21. #6 I think ordinary Americans do benefit from globalization due to the lower prices of goods or services they can receive because of the cheaper procedures done by other countries other than the U.S. This can be helpful for all income levels in America too because lower income Americans can afford more goods and more wealthy Americans really like the convenience of more choices. Yet, globalization can also be a negative to Americans because it could decrease job opportunities for all, especially those in the lower income sector.

    1. I agree that ordinary Americans benefit from the results of globalization! Having goods and services at a lower price point allows people to make more purchases, which benefits the US stock market.

  22. #5 I think in some ways, globalization has gone too far by offering unnecessary services like one day shipping etc. because we are getting too used to having this luxury when in reality, shipping doesn’t need to be that quick. On the other hand, i believe globalization can go even farther to further benefit people around the world with the expansion of technology if more people are educated on the technology used so everyone can benefit.

  23. 5.) While globalization has its benefits I do feel that it has gone too far in terms of labor exploration. U.S. apparel companies have outsourced their factories to poor underdeveloped countries for the sake of minimizing costs. Said garment factories are notoriously known of promoting unethical, strenuous working conditions such as long work hours, health and safety hazards, and harassment. To top it off, the individuals that work in these facilities are often underpaid for the work that they do, and they money they earn barely supports their livelihoods. From my perspective, globalization is heading in the direction in terms of how labor practices are being executed by U.S. apparel firms in foreign factories.
    6.) I feel that non-elite Americans have and have not been the beneficiaries of globalization. The benefits that average Americans have received from globalization are the access to a variety of apparel categories at reasonable price points. On the contrary, globalization has led to many non-elite Americans who work in the apparel and textile manufacturing industry to lose their jobs on account of American brands beginning to manufacture in foreign countries.

  24. #1 Some things that could be told to Mr. Lucentini is that globalization allows people to trade goods and work with other countries who may be more advanced in producing certain things as opposed to another country. Globalization also allows for items to be imported from all over and can bring about better quality goods that were once hard to come by.

  25. #5 I think globalization has gone too far in some aspects. It has caused so much expansion and innovation for the T&A industry. It has allowed the trade of ideas, goods, technologies, and services across the world. However, it has also taken many jobs and caused harm to the environment. With the growth of technology in manufacturing, and the cheapening of labor, many countries outsource manufacturing to countries that have cheap labor to therefore receive higher margins on their goods. This has caused domestic layoffs in the manufacturing industry. Also, globalization has bad effects on the environment. There is so much pollution and waste from garment factories, as well as unethical labor. There is child labor, poor working conditions, and low pay for many T&A factory workers. It has gotten so bad that consumers are now taking a stand on these negative effects and are demanding more ethical sourcing and production. This is a positive step forward in the right direction, but there is a long way to go to fix what has already been damaged.

  26. #1 Although Mr. Lucentini feels he has only been negatively affected by globalization, I feel that globalization is not entirely destructive. Through globalization we are able to share ideas, goods and services between other countries. This can lead to the advancement of new technologies which can be beneficial for us.
    #6. I do not think that ordinary Americans have been the winners of globalization. Although they are getting cheaper products from globalization many of them are losing their jobs. Companies are going to other countries were there is cheaper labor, causing many americans to lose their jobs which has a negative effect on them. As globalization increases so does the gap between the wealthy and the poor.

  27. #5 I think globalization will head toward the wrong direction if technology gets too advanced. The more advanced technology gets, like the creation of drones or AIs, it will result in a decrease in jobs. There will be less of a need for people with hard skills because everything will end up being computer generated.

    #6 I think ordinary Americans have benefitted from globalization in a lot of ways. Globalization and the advancements of technology have made it easier and more efficient for people to order things online. Online shopping allows people to save time and energy because you don’t have to go to a store to get what you want. Also, international shipping allows Americans to have access to products or services from different countries. On top of that, globalization affects all Americans even if they don’t online shop. All of our apparel is either sourced, designed, or made in a different country. For example, the video we watched the other day showed how the sunglasses were designed in Italy, but made in China, but sold in the US.

    1. I agree that advancements in technology could allow globalization to be taken too far. Technology is advancing rapidly and companies like Amazon demonstrate how powerful these advancements can be. It is important that these future advancements help people as much as possible instead of hurting them.

    2. I definitely agree with you about technology and how it could lead globalization to be taken too far! It has been so nice having the technological advancements that we have but I definitely see how easily it could make a turn for the worse and be harmful to us.

  28. #2: I truly do understand both sides of the argument. I understand the side of the Italians, who feel that the Chinese came in and completely changed what they viewed as their “norm”. They were used to living their lives one way and then gradually over time they found themselves conforming to the standards of others, which is not easy for anyone to do. Their lives changed, there were originally 6,000 textile companies and 40,000 people that were employed by the industry and within 10 years these numbers dropped by 50%. They felt they had to produce lower quality garments, which goes against everything they believe in. These warehouses became empty because they couldn’t afford to keep them open. However, the Chinese came in and offered jobs to those that were unemployed and the Italians became stubborn and would not apply.

    #4 Technology has created a huge gap because the less fortunate countries simply cannot afford the technologies that other countries can. Companies or countries that are fortunate should offer to educate the other countries that are unable to do it on their own.

  29. Businesses based in smaller countries, like Mr. Lucentini’s, are being overshadowed by larger exporters, like China, which knock off high quality designs and offer them at much cheaper prices to retailers. This makes explaining the benefits of globalization to people like Mr. Lucentini who are experiencing the pressures and frustrations of globalization very difficult. Despite this drawback, however, the issue of too many suppliers and continued growth of major markets forces people like Mr. Lucentini to continue innovating in order to stay competitive. This can inspire new ideas within the fashion sector and change the trajectory of the industry which can be viewed as a positive even from the smaller name perspective.

    Ordinary Americans benefit from globalization because, unlike in other countries, where the T&A industry largely drives the economy and generates the majority of jobs, there are many career paths that Americans can take. We are therefore able to pursue higher education and steer away from lower-income jobs while still reaping the benefits of imported goods from other countries.

  30. #5 I think that based on the facts, globalization has not gone too far but I also think it can. As of now, I do think globalization is heading in the right direction and will continue to expand. As of now, it has created more jobs that involve technology, as technology develops so will globalization.
    #6 I think ordinary Americans have been winners and beneficiaries of globalization. As of now, the US is one of the greatest consumers of products such as those from the apparel industry. This means a large variety of goods with a large range and options to choose from according to preferences, quality, and prices.

  31. #1: For someone like Mr. Lucentini, it is hard to grasp the idea that globalization is generally beneficial. Some things we can tell this man, who saw the mom and pop shops around him turn to global chains, is that these products and services are becoming much cheaper to both produce, stock and sell. Also culture, along with different foods and mechanisms or strategies to do things that others didn’t previously know how.
    #2: I also tend to agree that a lot of the jobs that the Chinese went into Italy to “take” were also created by them in the first place. If those factories were empty, struggling or even non existent before they came, it is safe to say that the Chinese began fulfilling the jobs in factories that they brought with their own skill and laborers.

  32. #1 Globalization is not entirely destructive because it allows for the free movement of goods and services. It is unfortunate for the case of Mr. Lucentini that cheaper alternatives replaced the original but these cheap alternatives do not always represent the same high quality and passion behind the original. Hopefully, consumers who are becoming more concerned with production and sourcing will choose the higher quality original goods. While this increase in competition from other markets is obviously challenging, it could be beneficial for brands and designers because it forces them to think creatively and innovatively. It forces them to think of something new that helps them stand out. Globalization allows countries to benefit from each other’s technology and production capabilities as well in order to produce new things that stand out in the market.

    #6 I think that ordinary Americans have benefitted from globalization because it allows us to have access to goods and services that we would not have had before. It allows us to import these goods and services from other countries and pay a reasonable price for them. However, I do believe that elites in America have taken advantage of the economic growth that comes with globalization and have taken that power too far. They abuse cheap labor and uneducated Americans benefit from the cheap products that come from it but are unaware of the true cost. Globalization is definitely beneficial for certain aspects but can violate human rights in developing countries as well.

    1. I think that you make very valid points and that it is the ordinary Americans who are benefiting, but it is truly the elite who are taking advantage of globalization and looking past what is ethically right. Ordinary Americans are benefiting in the fact that they can buy products at low prices, but with low prices also comes over buying. People often justify buying five sweaters in one shopping trip because “it was only $10 each”, but over consumption is not good for our environment either. The cheaper garments are made, the less wear you can get out of them and then where do you put your clothes when you are done with it, good will the garbage? Times are changing and fast fashion is beginning to fade, which means that people are starting to catch onto the fact that buying clothing that lasts longer is better for the environment, which is why companies like Forever 21 are struggling.

      1. Totally agree! Times are changing for the better and I hope that people stop supporting fast fashion companies that encourage overconsumption and instead support companies that produce quality, ethical clothing. I also hope that large corporations start to change in the way that consumers have and begin to focus on people over profit.

  33. #1: I would tell Mr. Lucentini that globalization has been the cause for many countries to have thriving economies. Although smaller factories had to close down and thus caused job loss, without globalization products would be extremely expensive. Globalization relies on each country using its competitive advantage in order to produce goods efficiently and then to export them to other countries for more affordable prices. I would also tell him that job loss is due to the increased reliance on machines, rather than due to immigration. Automation has led to more efficiency in production, and a lot of outsourced work is due to this efficient process that can be achieved in countries like China. Globalization has allowed for more products to be available in all countries, and for us to pay a lower price for everything.
    #6: Ordinary citizens are able to benefit the most from globalization because they can find products for much cheaper prices than if countries were attempting to be self-sufficient. Without exporting products to other countries or importing products that we cannot make for an affordable price, products that we now enjoy for low prices would be offered for much more than people are willing to pay. Consumption is extremely high, and the demand for cheap products is continuously on the rise. If Americans do not want to pay high amounts for solely American made products, they have to turn to imported products. Websites like Amazon have given the ordinary consumer the ability to afford what they want when they want it, also allowing consumers to compare prices from different products which are from many different countries.

  34. #5 – I think globalization is booming and helping not only fashion brands, but all types of brands in the world. It helps us connect with countries across the world. Globalization has not gone too far, but it may in the near future. As globalization persists, we need to find ways to cope with the hardships that come with it. Sustainability and ethical practices will be at the forefront of the issues at hand. There is a possibility it can head in the wrong direction if we let it get out of control however if we work with globalization and maintain control over issues that can be controlled, it should continue to help the world grow together.

    1. I completely agree with you Taylor on your perspective on how Globalization in the future can get out of control and if their is a constant push to maintain control over it , it would help the world.

  35. #5 I don’t think that globalization has necessarily gone too far but I definitely think it could in the future. I think that the use of technology has not only taken a harmful effect on our environment, but its taken many peoples jobs as well. I believe that the advanced technology we have now is working for us but I do fear that if it gets any more advanced, we may be in harms way.

    #6 I think that America could definitely be considered the winners and beneficiaries of globalization because I think we get the most out of it. With America being so advanced, we have a huge list of countries that we have trade connections with. I think there are other smaller countries that only rely on a few different countries and dont have as many tunnels to connections with others. I think we definitely win in that area where other countries may lack.

    1. I completely agree that in the future there is a chance that globalization will go too far and I think that as technology continues to advance there will continue to be harmful effects to the environment as well as continue to take away job opportunities. In the article we read for class it said that there were higher paying jobs that required an education created from the expansion of globalization, but the jobs that are being taken away are those of lower paying jobs which we still need. Not everyone is able to afford a college education and until that is possible there will still be the necessity for entry level jobs like for example in factories.

  36. Question #1 Response:
    Some things we could say to someone like Mr. Lucenti is that their overall town and businesses will be doing better financially because of the rise in population from immigrant workers. More people, in general, coming to the town will bring more traffic to local businesses that are native to the country, in this case, Italy. Along with this, more cultures will be represented in the town. Some natives may see this as a bad thing, but not everyone is like that. Many people like to embrace other people’s differences and see what we can learn from each other. Another benefit we could tell him is that globalization can help the costs of goods go down overall, and this can help people save money for more essential things in their lives.

    Question #5 Response:
    I believe that there are so many benefits to globalization. I completely stand with helping costs go down for all American consumers so that fashion isn’t just available to the wealthy. I also want to help under-developed countries expand their economy. One of the major fears I have about globalization going too far, however, pertains to sustainability. I am worried that consumers will likely take it too far with their purchasing habits, especially when the costs go even more down. Fast-Fashion companies, like Zara or Fashion Nova, are a big problem in the fashion industry because of sustainability. I think one major hardship with globalization going too far is that the problem of sustainability will only grow with it.

  37. #2 As a native of a country it is natural that the Italians would feel threatened by immigrants coming in taking job opportunities. Although, I do agree with the Italians that the Chinese took their jobs. It was stated in the article that employment was down for the Italians since 2001, therefore meaning the job availability was scarce. Manufacturing in Italy is a large part of the Italian pride and culture in which for centuries their families have worked in those factories. There is a sense of a cultural pride in the manufacturing jobs. I know this from personal experience from spending 4 months in Italy and visiting factories around the Tuscan area. A large part of the Italian economy is fashion and if local Italians can not even have jobs in one the largest job sectors in Italy, it shows that the immigrants did create a shift in the job market.

    #5 Globalization’s original intent was to create peace and prosperity between sourcing & trade amongst countries. Throughout the years it has been evident that some power countries control large aspects of souring in comparison to smaller countries. Sadly with the large power control with a country such as China, globalization has not been as “equal” as the intended purpose was created for. Globalization has been as it highest with the top 15 countries that source in the world, although there are less developed countries who lack the fact of globalization. I don’t believe that globalization has gone too far, although I believe that there should be more regulations on globalization. Globalization allows cheaper prices and diversity in trade. If there was more of an effort to not just cut off coursing with other countries if there was more of a push to help regulate the amount a country can source this would allow other countries to step up .

  38. post on behalf of samiet21
    #4 Technology is one of the driving factors of globalization, but it has also helped increase the gap between the rich and the poor in countries like the US. What do you think countries and/or companies can do to resolve this type of inequality?

    Technology has no doubt increased the gap between the rich and the poor in various countries. A person’s knowledge and ability to use technology puts them at an advantage when applying to jobs. I think that a good solution to this gap would be to provide schools and lower paying jobs with funding to afford and educate their students and staff with new technology. This will ensure a higher education for the students who will eventually enter the workforce and provide the people already in the workforce with the tools to advance their skills and their careers as well as the opportunity to receive higher wages.

    #6 Why or why not do you think ordinary Americans (not elites) have been the winners and beneficiaries of globalization?

    Both ordinary Americans and elites are beneficiaries of globalization. Globalization has allowed for the spread of technology and knowledge and has provided Americans with the opportunity to be able to purchase goods at cheaper prices. Globalization gives all Americans more options when purchasing any given product. Lower income households benefit more from this than elite Americans do, that being said, the more we import, the less jobs there are on the homefront for lower income households.

  39. #4 : It’s hard to overcome the barrier of technology when it comes to economic and social growth. It seems that the most prosperous countries are the most technologically advanced countries. For example, the United States, one of the most powerful and technologically advanced countries in the world has taken a number of years to reach the point it’s at now, and even the US is experiencing severe inequality between the rich and the poor. Technology promotes efficiency, while typically, the work of people is much less efficient, but this efficient technology is hurting workers very much. To alleviate this issue, maybe there are technologies that can be created that must be operated by people, or technology that works with people. Any technology that requires the involvement of people would be a good thing.
    #5 : I think that globalization is a very positive thing, but I also agree that it’s leading to a lot of negative side effects. Globalization is at it’s best when it’s the most efficient, which has led to globalization heading in the wrong direction.  Efficiency means money, and to make money corners get cut. There are numerous reports of poor working conditions; leading to death, illness, and protests. People are losing jobs, their homes, and basic human needs/rights. Yes, there’s always going to be harsh realities when there’s change, but there side effects are far too serious and inhumane.

  40. #2: I can see how Italians would feel this way considering they witnessed first hand immigrants coming in and taking away economic opportunities from Italians however it is not like Italians haven’t done this themselves before. Manufacturing has been apart of Italian culture for centuries however for some time now, unemployment in Italy has been at an all time high which in turn forced many Italians to leave the country for numerous job opportunities and for a better life.

    #5: I don’t think globalization has gone too far. I think that it has been the pathway for different nations to help each other and to help one other expand beyond their borders. To me, globalization has just exposed already existing social issues within different countries. Without globalization getting to where it is today, the supply chain and fashion industry as we know it would be drastically different.

    1. I like your point about globalization exposing pre-existing social issues in different countries. I don’t think the problems we see throughout the global supply chain suggest that globalization needs to be scaled back, just that it needs to be improved upon.

    2. I agree that globalization has not gone too far. It is extremely important for alliances with other nations and benefits for both sides. Globalization has definitely exposed existing social issues within different countries, and the fashion industry would be completely different without it.

  41. #2 I don’t necessarily think that Chinese people took jobs directly from Italian manufacturers – Chinese immigrants created jobs for themselves out of empty warehouses. However, I do think that by doing so, they introduced a level of competition that Italians had not previously faced, and many jobs were not able to survive in such an environment. In a similar vein, I wouldn’t exactly say Netflix took the jobs of people who worked at Blockbuster; they just had a more profitable and in-demand business, and Blockbuster couldn’t keep up. Competition will always knock out some jobs.

    #6 I think ordinary Americans have benefited from globalization in the sense that it seems as if we have become more of a consuming nation than a producing one. We have endless choices of goods that are at lower prices due to cheaper foreign labor. When it comes to production that does take place in America, stricter regulations ensure adequate working conditions; workers in developing countries with fewer regulations and a smaller economy likely face a harsher side of globalization.

  42. #5
    In some aspects globalization has been heading in the wrong direction because of how it is negatively affecting the environment and even the ethics within the manufacturing and production industry. Globalization has led to a great deal of outsourcing to foreign countries because of cheaper prices and this is a snowball effect that doesn’t seem to be stopping anytime soon. In some ways fast fashion companies like Forever 21 and H&M can be partially to blame for this because they are the ones going to countries like China to have their products made at a low cost. Although, they are not the only ones at fault because as consumers we are the ones buying the clothing even though subconsciously we know that in order for these products to be made and sold at such a low cost there is a price to pay ethically. We have all seen the videos from not only the treatment, but the fires that have taken place at garment factories because the workers are not being cared for or even paid properly and yet we are still buying clothing that is being produced this way. It is easy to look at some countries and see that factories have created job opportunities but, if workers are being treated unfairly and put in danger is it really worth it?

  43. #2
    When it comes to the argument that Chinese people didn’t “take jobs but created them” I would have to completely agree because they capitalized on a market that had not been doing well and transformed it. The immigrant population that came over from China didn’t take away these warehouses, but occupied locations that had been abandoned. It can also be recognized that the Chinese adapted to changing times and didn’t let the revolution of globalization and fast fashion take away from their business, but instead got on board with the new trend and ended up being very successful. The native Italians are trying to find someone to blame when in fact they just didn’t want to change their ways and it can be said that because of the culture that the Chinese immigrants brought to Italy they have also helped with tourism and bringing in a new market that Italy had not experienced before. All in all having these factories up and running again created jobs for workers that had previously lost them when factories shut down and there should be credit given where credit is deserved.

  44. #4 To close this gap, I believe that countries can offer free educational programs to help educate employees on the skills vital for work, and be further involved in operations as opposed to the actual production.

    #6 Though many Americans have benefitted from globalization, I believe it is not beneficial to the middle and lower class Americans. In today’s society, lower-middle class jobs are mostly automated, while some are shipped overseas. In turn, this creates a larger gap between the middle and upper class Americans.

    1. I think countries/companies offering free education programs to teach retrain employees is a great idea! This could prevent companies from laying off so many workers.

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