CRS Reports on Trade Issues

Congressional_Research_Service_svg

(Updated: November 2018)

Overview of International Trade and U.S. Trade Policy

U.S. Trade Policy Functions: Who Does What?, CRS In Focus, November 1, 2018

U.S. Trade Debates: Select Disputes and Actions, August 28, 2018

Tit-for-Tat Tariff Measures and U.S. Trade Policy, July 11, 2018

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges, April 20, 2018

U.S. Trade Policy Primer: Frequently Asked Questions, April 2, 2018

International Trade and Finance: Overview and Issues for the 115th Congress, March 5, 2018

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions, March 25, 2016

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges, July 5, 2016

Impact of Trade Agreements and Trade Preference Programs

Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: Issues for Congress, May 17, 2018

U.S. Trade with Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Partners, April 24, 2018

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy, February 26, 2014

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options, January 10, 2013

U.S. Trade Policy and the Caribbean: From Trade Preferences to Free Trade Agreement, January 6, 2011

Textile and Apparel Trade and Trade Policy

Renegotiating NAFTA and U.S. Textile Manufacturing, October 30, 2017

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, September 1, 2016

U.S. Clothing and Textile Trade with China and the World: Trends Since the End of Quotas, July 10, 2007

DR-CAFTA, Textiles, and Apparel, May 20, 2005

Haiti Textile Industry: Impact of Proposed Trade Assistance, February 18, 2005

Textile and Apparel Rules of Origin in International Trade, May 23, 2003

Textile and apparel Trade Issues, February 1, 2002

NAFTA2.0 (USMCA)

Proposed U.S.-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) Trade Agreement, October 5, 2018

Agricultural Provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement, October 5, 2018

NAFTA and the Preliminary U.S.-Mexico Agreement, September 19, 2018

NAFTA Renegotiation and Modernization, July 26, 2018

State Exports to NAFTA countries in 2016, October 24, 2017

NAFTA and Motor Vehicle Trade, July 28, 2017

North American Free Trade Agreement: Notification for Renegotiation, CRS Insight, May 19, 2017

Renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): What Actions Do Not Require Congressional Approval?, CRS Legal Sidebar, April 27, 2017

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), February 22, 2017

Renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): What Actions Do Not Require Congressional Approval?, CRS Legal Sidebar, January 26, 2017

Presidential Authority over Trade: Imposing Tariffs and Duties, December 9, 2016

U.S. Withdrawal from Free Trade Agreements: Frequently Asked Legal Questions, September 7, 2016

Section 301 Investigation 

Escalating Tariffs: Timeline and Potential Impact, August 17, 2018

Enforcing U.S. Trade Laws: Section 301 and China, October 22, 2018

Section 232 Investigation 

Section 232 Investigations: Overview and Issues for Congress, September 11, 2018

Threats to National Security Foiled? A Wrap Up of New Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum, March 12, 2018

Section 201 Investigation

Trade Remedies: Section 201 of the Trade Act of 1974, August 22, 2018

Trade Promotion and Authority (TPA)

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), September 4, 2018

Trade Promotion Authority (TPA): Frequently Asked Questions, September 4, 2018

Labor Issues in Trade Agreements

Labor Enforcement Issues in U.S. FTAs, September 7, 2018

Overview of Labor Enforcement Issues in Free Trade Agreements, February 22, 2016

Trade Deficit

U.S. Trade Debates: Select Disputes and Actions,  August 28, 2018

Trade Deficits and U.S. Trade Policy, June 28, 2018

Should the U.S. Trade Deficit be Redefined?, CRS Insight, March 17, 2017

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit, October 7, 2016

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices, August 16, 2016

What’s the Difference?—Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data, March 24, 2016

U.S.-China Trade Relationship

The Made in China 2025 Initiative: Economic Implications for the United States, August 29, 2018

China-U.S. Trade Issues, October 15, 2018

China-U.S. Trade Issues, July 30, 2018

What’s the Difference? — Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data, April 23, 2018

China’s Retaliatory Tariffs on Selected U.S. Agricultural Products, April 4, 2018

World Trade Organization

Agriculture in the WTO: Rules and Limits on U.S. Domestic Support, September 6, 2018

The World Trade Organization (WTO): U.S. Participation at Risk?, July 31, 2018

The World Trade Organization, September 7, 2017

Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview, November 26, 2016

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA): Background and Reauthorization, April 22, 2015

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

TPP countries sign new CPTPP without the United States, March 9, 2018

Brexit and EU

Proposed U.S.-EU Trade Negotiations: Hitting Pause on a Trade War?, August 9, 2018

U.S.-EU Trade and Economic Issues, August 1, 2018

U.S.-EU Trade and Investment Ties: Magnitude and Scope, July 20, 2018

U.S.-UK Free Trade Agreement: Prospects and Issues for Congress, April 14, 2017

Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union, July 14, 2016

The European Union: Questions and Answers, February 21, 2017

U.S. Manufacturing and Trade

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective, February 21, 2018

Buying American: Protecting U.S. Manufacturing Through the Berry and Kissell Amendments, May 18, 2017

Trade Implications of the President’s Buy American Executive Order, CRS Insight, May 2, 2017

Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival, May 5, 2017

Updates on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

The United States Withdraws from the TPP, CRS Insight, May 4, 2017

Moving On: TPP Signatories Meet in Chile, CRS Insight, March 16, 2017

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Analysis of Economic Studies, June 30, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress, June 14, 2016

TPP Financial Services Data Flows, CRS Insight, June 3, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief, February 9, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Strategic Implications, February 3, 2016

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP): Overview, December 27, 2017

Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA)

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers and the TAA Reauthorization Act of 2015, August 14, 2018

Miscellaneous Tariff Bills (MTBs)

Miscellaneous Tariff Bills: Overview and Issues for Congress, April 22, 2016

Trade in Services and Digital Trade

Digital Trade and U.S. Trade Policy, January 13, 2017

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Negotiations: Overview and Issues for Congress, January 3, 2017

U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues, December 6, 2016

Border-Adjusted Taxes

Border-Adjusted Taxes and the Rules of the World Trade Organization: The Distinction Between Direct and Indirect Taxes, CRS Legal Sidebar, March 22, 2017

International Competitiveness: An Economic Analysis of VAT Border Tax Adjustments, July 30, 2009

Other Topics

International Law and Agreements: Their Effect Upon U.S. Law, September 19, 2018

The Proposed EU-Japan FTA and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy, July 14, 2017