CRS Reports on Trade Issues

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(Updated: May 2018)

Overview of International Trade and U.S. Trade Policy

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges, April 20, 2018

U.S. Trade Policy Primer: Frequently Asked Questions, April 2, 2018

International Trade and Finance: Overview and Issues for the 115th Congress, March 5, 2018

U.S. Trade Concepts, Performance, and Policy: Frequently Asked Questions, March 25, 2016

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges, July 5, 2016

Impact of Trade Agreements and Trade Preference Programs

Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements: Issues for Congress, May 17, 2018

U.S. Trade with Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Partners, April 24, 2018

U.S. Trade with Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Partners, November 9, 2016

Free Trade Agreements: Impact on U.S. Trade and Implications for U.S. Trade Policy, February 26, 2014

Trade Preferences: Economic Issues and Policy Options, January 10, 2013

U.S. Trade Policy and the Caribbean: From Trade Preferences to Free Trade Agreement, January 6, 2011

Textile and Apparel Trade and Trade Policy

Renegotiating NAFTA and U.S. Textile Manufacturing, October 30, 2017

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, September 1, 2016

U.S. Clothing and Textile Trade with China and the World: Trends Since the End of Quotas, July 10, 2007

DR-CAFTA, Textiles, and Apparel, May 20, 2005

Textile and Apparel Rules of Origin in International Trade, May 23, 2003

NAFTA Renegotiation

NAFTA Renegotiation and Modernization, February 27, 2018

State Exports to NAFTA countries in 2016, October 24, 2017

NAFTA and Motor Vehicle Trade, July 28, 2017

North American Free Trade Agreement: Notification for Renegotiation, CRS Insight, May 19, 2017

Renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): What Actions Do Not Require Congressional Approval?, CRS Legal Sidebar, April 27, 2017

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), February 22, 2017

Renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): What Actions Do Not Require Congressional Approval?, CRS Legal Sidebar, January 26, 2017

Presidential Authority over Trade: Imposing Tariffs and Duties, December 9, 2016

U.S. Withdrawal from Free Trade Agreements: Frequently Asked Legal Questions, September 7, 2016

Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

TPP countries sign new CPTPP without the United States, March 9, 2018

Section 232 Investigation 

Threats to National Security Foiled? A Wrap Up of New Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum, March 12, 2018

Brexit and EU

U.S.-UK Free Trade Agreement: Prospects and Issues for Congress, April 14, 2017

Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union, July 14, 2016

The European Union: Questions and Answers, February 21, 2017

U.S. Manufacturing and Trade

Buying American: Protecting U.S. Manufacturing Through the Berry and Kissell Amendments, May 18, 2017

Trade Implications of the President’s Buy American Executive Order, CRS Insight, May 2, 2017

Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival, May 5, 2017

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective, January 18, 2017

Trade Deficit

Should the U.S. Trade Deficit be Redefined?, CRS Insight, March 17, 2017

Financing the U.S. Trade Deficit, October 7, 2016

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices, August 16, 2016

What’s the Difference?—Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data, March 24, 2016

Updates on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

The United States Withdraws from the TPP, CRS Insight, May 4, 2017

Moving On: TPP Signatories Meet in Chile, CRS Insight, March 16, 2017

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Analysis of Economic Studies, June 30, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress, June 14, 2016

TPP Financial Services Data Flows, CRS Insight, June 3, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief, February 9, 2016

The Trans-Pacific Partnership: Strategic Implications, February 3, 2016

U.S.-China Trade Relationship

What’s the Difference? — Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data, April 23, 2018

China-U.S. Trade Issues, April 2, 2018

China’s Retaliatory Tariffs on Selected U.S. Agricultural Products, April 4, 2018

China-U.S. Trade Issues, January 23, 2018

China-U.S. Trade Issues, April 24, 2017

Border-Adjusted Taxes

Border-Adjusted Taxes and the Rules of the World Trade Organization: The Distinction Between Direct and Indirect Taxes, CRS Legal Sidebar, March 22, 2017

International Competitiveness: An Economic Analysis of VAT Border Tax Adjustments, July 30, 2009

Other Trade Issues

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP): Overview, December 27, 2017

Digital Trade and U.S. Trade Policy, January 13, 2017

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Negotiations: Overview and Issues for Congress, January 3, 2017

U.S. Trade in Services: Trends and Policy Issues, December 6, 2016

International Trade and Finance: Overview and Issues for the 115th Congress, December 21, 2016

Overview of Labor Enforcement Issues in Free Trade Agreements, February 22, 2016