Textile and Apparel Industry Around the World


For trade statistics, please see Key Textile and Apparel Trade Statistics

United States

2023 State of the U.S. Textile Industry (National Council of Textile Organizations, NCTO)

2022 State of U.S. Textile Industry (National Council of Textile Organizations, NCTO)

State of U.S. Textile and Apparel Manufacturing: Output, Employment, and Trade (Updated May 2022)

State of the U.S. Textile and Apparel Industry: Output, Employment, and Trade (Updated October 2020)

Production and Export Strategies of U.S. Textile and Apparel Manufacturers

Demystify the “Made in the USA” apparel sourcing strategy 

Economic Impact of the Fashion Industry (2019) Joint Economic Committee Democrats

USITC releases new study on the state of the U.S. textile and apparel manufacturing sector

BIS Released Assessment Report of the U.S. Textile and Apparel Manufacturing Sector

U.S. Continues to Lose Textile and Apparel Manufacturing Jobs in 2017

International Trade Supports Textile and Apparel “Made in USA”

Made in America: A New Reality?

How to Save “Made in NYC”: Sewing Skill or New Technology?

Exclusive Interview with William L. “Bill” Jasper, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Unifi Inc.

Pattern of Production and Trade in the U.S. Textile and Apparel Industry from 2000 to 2013

Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S. Textile and Apparel Industry (Updated in May 2015)


The EU textile and apparel industry in 2021: Facts and Key figures (Euratex)

Can Garment Production Survive in A Developed Economy in the 21st Century? A Study of “Made in Ireland”

A New Strategy for the European Textiles and Apparel Industry – EURATEX perspective

EU Textile and Apparel Industry and Trade Patterns (Updated January 2022)

EU textile and apparel industry evolution during the first quarter of 2021 and short-term prospects (Euratex)

The EU textile and apparel industry in 2019: Facts and key figures (Euratex)

UK’s Apparel Sourcing Patterns under the Shadow of Brexit

The State of the EU Textile and Apparel Industry and Trade

State of the EU Textile and Apparel Industry in 2017

Extra-EU Trade for Textile & Apparel Went Up in 2015

Euratex Releases Key Indicators of the EU Textile and Apparel Industry in 2014

The German Textile and Apparel Industry

EU Commission: Skills for Jobs in the EU Textile and Clothing Industry to Evolve

Asia (not country-specific)

Mega Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region and Textiles and Apparel Trade (Updated April 2023)

Employment, wages and productivity in the Asian garment sector: Taking stock of recent trends (International Labor Organization, June 2022)

Supporting post-covid-19 economic recovery in Southeast Asia-garment (Asian Development Bank) May 2022

Opportunities for a Just Transition to environmental sustainability and COVID-19 recovery in the textile and garment sector in Asia (International Labor Organization, March 2022)

The changing face of textiles and apparel “Made in Asia” (updated February 2022)

The supply chain ripple effect: How COVID-19 is affecting garment workers and factories in Asia and the Pacific (International Labor Organization, October 2020)

What next for Asian garment production after COVID-19? The perspectives of industry stakeholders (International Labor Organization, September 2020)


Chinese Cotton: Textiles, Imports, and Xinjiang (USDA report, August 2022)

What Do Fashion Companies Say about China As an Apparel Sourcing Base? (Updated June 2022)

Outlook for China’s Textile and Apparel Industry (2021-2025)

How Has COVID-19 Affected Apparel Exports from China, Vietnam, and Bangladesh?

What A Vertically-Integrated Textile and Apparel Factory Looks Like Today

How Has the Tariff War Affected the Competitiveness of China’s Textile and Apparel Exports to the U.S.? (December 2019)

Sourcing from China statistics (updated February 2019)

Are textile and apparel made in China losing competitiveness in the U.S. market? (updated October 2018)

Cheaper to Make Textiles in the United States than in China: Reality or Myth?

Minimum Wage in the Apparel Industry Continues to Rise in Most Asian Countries in 2016

State of China’s Textile and Apparel (T&A) Industry (Updated in January 2016)

The Future of “Made in China”: Robots are taking over China’s Factory Floors


Vietnam cotton apparel industry (USDA, April 2022)

Vietnamese Textile Garment Factory & Clothing Apparel Manufacturer Strives To Develop Post-Pandemic (Associated Press, September 2020)

EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement and Outlook of Vietnam’s Apparel Export

Sourcing from Vietnam statistics (updated December 2018)

Vietnam’s Textile and Apparel Industry and Trade Networks (2017, World Bank)

Outlook of Sourcing from Vietnam (Updated August 2017)

What does Vietnam’s Textile Factory Actually Look Like?


Bangladesh cotton apparel industry, December 2022 (USDA)

The impact of Covid-19 on women workers in the Bangladesh garment industry (January 2022)

What’s next for Bangladesh’s garment industry, after a decade of growth? (by Mckinsey & Company), March 2021

Bangladesh Garments Manufacturer and Exporter Association (BGMEA) 2020 Sustainability Report

Bangladesh goes to bat for textile industry as buyers scrap orders (Nikkei Asia Review, May 2020)

Sourcing from Bangladesh statistics (updated November 2018)

Bangladesh Apparel Industry (up to 2008)


Overview of Taiwan Textile Industry-2019 (Taiwan Textile Federation)

Hong Kong

Clothing Industry in Hong Kong (Jan 2022; HKTDC)


How will EU Trade Curb Affect Cambodia’s Apparel Industry? (June 2020)

Cambodia Garment and Footwear Sector Bulletin, Issue 9, July 2019 (International Labor Organization)

Cambodia garment industry (Netherlands Embassy in Bangkok)


India textile and apparel industry analysis (updated April 2022, IBEF)


What’s Happening with Myanmar’s Apparel Exports (Updated August 2022)

Military Coup Hurts Myanmar’s Prospect as an Apparel Sourcing Destination (updated August 2021)

A Snapshot of Myanmar’s Apparel Industry and Export


Indonesia cotton textile and apparel industry (USDA, April 2022)


Production Migration to Labour-sending Countries, and Upgrading of the Thai Garment Industry (ERIA Research Project Report, 2019)


Pakistan’s Readymade Garments Sector: Challenges and Opportunities (Consortium for Development Policy Research), June 2021

Pakistan textile and apparel industry (up to 2019)

Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka apparel sector (2018)


Canada’s apparel sourcing patterns (April 2020)


Japanese Fashion Companies Continue to Diversify Apparel Sourcing Base (April 2022)

Japan’s apparel sourcing patterns (October 2019)


COVID-19 and Textile and Apparel Industry in Egypt, Madagascar, Morocco and Tunisia (International Trade Centre, December 2020)

Preliminary analysis of a garment industry survey in Ethiopia on COVID-19 impact (International Labor Organization, April 2020)

USITC Report: U.S. Apparel Sourcing under African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)

Challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as an Apparel Sourcing Base

Apparel Sourcing Opportunities in Madagascar and Mauritius

Sourcing Opportunity in Africa

North, South and Central America

Mexico: Cotton and Products Annual (USDA, April 2022)

Expand U.S. Apparel Sourcing from CAFTA-DR Members and Solve the Root Causes of Migration: Perspectives from U.S. Apparel Companies (April 2022)

Migration and Apparel Production in Central America (Mosbacher Institute, September 2021)

Trade agreements and decent work in Mexico: the case of the automotive and textile industries (ILO, June 2021)

Mexico’s Apparel Exports Continue to Rely on the U.S. Market Heavily

Labor and Wages

Minimum Wage Level for Garment Workers in the World (Updated in December 2020)

Living Wage in the Garment Sector: Results of the 2019 Reviews (OECD & ASN Bank)

Wage Level for Garment Workers in the World (updated in 2017)

Minimum Wage in the Apparel Industry Continues to Rise in Most Asian Countries in 2016

2014 World Textile Industry Labor Cost Comparison

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