FASH455 BlOG ARTICLES
FASH455, which opens to the entire University of Delaware (UD) community, is a university breadth course in the social and behavioral sciences category and a College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) breadth course in Group C (Social and Behavioral Sciences).
FASH455 is a department core requirement for B.S. in Fashion Design and Product Innovation, and B.S. in Fashion Merchandising and Management. The course also fulfills the requirement for Minor in Fashion Management, Minor in Sustainable Apparel and Textile Innovation, and Minor in Global Studies.
The latest FASH455 course schedule can be found HERE.
FASH455 focuses on international trade and supply chains in the 21st-century world economy, which is essential for EVERY college student. Specifically, in FASH455, students will learn about:
- Globalization in the 21st century
- Fashion apparel supply chain today
- Fashion companies’ sourcing strategies
- Sustainability issues related to apparel sourcing and trade
- Critical trade policies affecting apparel sourcing and trade
IMPORTANCE OF THE SUBJECT
The textile and apparel industry is a thick textbook study far beyond fiber, yarn, fabric, and clothing. It is THE industry that triggered the first Industrial Revolution, among those sectors that embraced globalization early and still play a critical role in the global economy with cross-cutting economic, social, and political influences in the 21st century. Some key facts about this sector today:
Textiles and apparel remain one of the world’s largest and economically most influential industries in the 21st century. Globally, the market value of textiles, apparel, and apparel retailing totaled $2,000 billion annually. In the United States, clothing and accessories sales contributed $197 billion to the U.S. economy in 2020.
The textile and apparel industry, mainly through international trade and sourcing, plays a uniquely critical role in creating jobs, promoting economic development, enhancing human development and reducing poverty. Globally, over 120 Million people remain directly employed in the textile and apparel industries today, a good proportion of whom are females living in poor rural areas. Particularly, for most developing countries, the textile and apparel sector accounts for 60%–90% of their total merchandise exports and provides one of the very few opportunities for these countries to participate in globalization.
The textile and apparel industry remains a strong presence in the United States in the 21st century. However, the sector has been critically different from the past because of globalization and technological advancement. Across the supply chain, the U.S. textile and apparel industry directly employs more than 1.8 million people, ranging from textile mill workers, sourcing managers, compliance specialists, retail floor associates, merchandisers buyers, and marketing professionals, to name a few. According to the World Trade Organization, the United States is still the world’s fourth-largest textile exporter. The U.S. textile and apparel exports in 2021 totaled $22.6 billion, which were destined for more than 50 countries worldwide. U.S. branded apparel also can be found in almost every corner of the world marketplace.
The textile and apparel industry might be the only sector other than agriculture that is so heavily regulated by trade policies. Because of its global presence and the complicated social, economic and political factors associated with the sector, textile and apparel industry is actively involved in almost all critical bilateral, regional, and multilateral trade policy debates today. This is the case no matter for responding to the U.S.-China tariff war (U.S. section 301 action), negotiating and ratifying the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Free Trade Agreement (USMCA or NAFTA 2.0), renewing the African Growth and Opportunity Act(AGOA), enforcing labor & environmental standards in trade programs, and restricting imports in the protection of domestic textile manufacturing sector.