About FASH455

cover picture

FASH455 BlOG ARTICLES

https://shenglufashion.com/blog

COURSE DESCRIPTION

FASH455, which opens to the entire UD community, is a university breadth course in the social and behavioral sciences category. FASH455 is a department core requirement for B.S. in Apparel Design, and B.S. in Fashion Merchandising. The course also fulfills the requirement for  Minor in Fashion Management and Minor in Sustainable Apparel and Textile Innovation.  The latest FASH455 course schedule can be found HERE. 

FASH455 will help you understand how international trade and trade policy work in the 21st-century world economy, which is important to know for EVERY college student. Specifically, the course will explore fashion apparel supply chains and many critical global agendas that are associated with the fashion apparel industry, including:

  • Globalization
  • Trade and economic development
  • Trade and corporate social responsibility
  • Debate on trade liberalization and trade protection
  • Free trade agreement and trade politics
  • International trade and foreign relations

REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS AND READINGS

•FASH455 reading packet

RECOMMENDED SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS

Textiles and Apparel in the Global Economy(3rd ed) by Kitty Dickerson, Prentice-Hall (1999);

The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy (2nd ed–released in December 2014) by P. Rivoli, Wiley;

Global Sourcing in the Textile and Apparel Industry (2nd ed) by Dr. Ha-Brookshire

Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (2012) by Gladys Lopez-Acevedo and Raymond Robertson;    

Going Global: The Textile and Apparel Industry (3rd ed) by Grace Kunz and Elena Karpova

COURSE OBJECTIVES

Upon completion of the course, the student will be able:

  1.  To comprehend the worldwide importance of the textile and apparel industry (including production, distribution, consumption, and trade) from economic, political and social dimensions;
  2.  To understand the composition, restructuring, major development trends and competitive status of the U.S. textile and apparel sectors and to consider the domestic complex within the context of a global economy;
  3. To understand the textile complex in major regions of the world, including their stages of development, functions in the global apparel value chain and key market conditions;
  4. To analyze the unique trade policies for textiles and apparel and understand how they affect various segments of the industry (including manufacturers, retailers, and consumers) at multiple levels (including multilateral, regional and bilateral);
  5. To increase awareness of major cutting-edge issues facing the world today and comprehend their potentials impacts on the future landscape of the textile and apparel sector;

IMPORTANCE OF THE SUBJECT

The textile and apparel industry is a thick textbook study far beyond fiber, yarn, fabric, and clothing.  It is THE industry that triggered the first Industrial Revolution, among those sectors that embraced globalization early and still plays a critical role in the global economy with cross-cutting economic, social and political influences in the 21st century.   Some key facts about this sector today:

  • Textiles and apparel remain one of the world’s largest and economically most influential industries in the 21st century. Globally, the market value of textiles, apparel and apparel retailing totaled $2,000 billion annually. In the United States, sales of apparel and accessories contributed $255 billion to the U.S. economy in 2015.
  • The textile and apparel industry plays a uniquely critical role in creating jobs, promoting economic development, enhancing human development and reducing poverty. Globally, over 120 Million people remain directly employed in the textile and apparel industries today, a good proportion of whom are females living in poor rural areas. Particularly, for most developing countries, the textile and apparel sector accounts for 60%–90% of their total merchandise exports and provides one of the very few opportunities for these countries to participate in globalization.
  • The textile and apparel industry remains a strong presence in the United States in the 21st century, although the industry has been critically different from the past because of globalization and advancement of technologies. Across the supply chain, the U.S. textile and apparel industry directly employs more than 4 million people, who undertake positions ranging from textile mill workers, warehousing, sourcing managers, wholesalers, retail floor associates, merchandisers, buyers, technical designers, and marketing professionals, just to name a few. According to the World Trade Organization, the United States is still the fourth largest textile exporter in the world.  The U.S. textile and apparel exports in 2017 totaled nearly $22.6 billion dollars which destined more than 50 countries around the world. U.S. branded apparel also can be found in almost every corner of the world marketplace.
  • The textile and apparel industry might be the only sector other than agriculture that is so heavily regulated by trade policies. Because of its global presence and the complicated social, economic and political factors associated with the sector, textile and apparel industry actively involves in almost all critical bilateral, regional and multilateral trade policy debates nowadays. This is the case no matter for the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), enforcing stricter labor & environmental standards, launching initiatives to open new overseas markets, renewing the African Growth and Opportunity Act(AGOA), trade adjustment assistance (TAA) and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) or restricting imports in the protection of domestic textile manufacturing sector.  

3 thoughts on “About FASH455”

  1. Dr. Lu, a pleasure reading of you and your course. I have been in the apparel industry for more than 30 years, Latin America is my territory. Having worked as an IE in sewing plants, having sold specialized sewing machines (and 3D scanners) and for the last 15 years as a consultant/conference speaker (mostly with TC2) I appreciate your focus. Maybe we can collaborate?

  2. I have learned a lot from taking this course including the global environment of the fashion industry along with a more in depth grasp of trade and policies within the industry.
    As far as the global climate of the industry I was never fully aware of all the unethical practices that happen during the manufacturing process. Without this class, the Rana Plaza incident would have never been brought to my attention, which was an event that killed over 1,000 employees due to the fact that the building had safety and fire hazards that were overlooked. Learning about this event opened my eyes to practices that continue on a daily basis that are not considered ethical by US standards. Along with that, it has taught me to remember these issues as I advance in my career path to fully grasp why companies may be working with certain countries over others. The quickest and cheapest option may not always be the best option due to outside factors such as safety regulations along with ethic practices that are within that certain factory.
    Coming into this class I knew that most garments now a days were produced overseas but I did not understand all the policies that go into that and what makes certain countries more desirable to work with than others. Now after learning about different trade agreements I have learned that countries such as Mexico and ones in Central America are more cost effective to work with in some cases due to the fact that there is less import tariffs than other countries. I also learned the reason that China is so desirable to work with is due to the fact that they have the access to labor that many other countries do not have since they have such a high population rate. China can produce things at a very high volume in comparison to other countries.
    Overall, I have learned a great deal within this class and found it a extremely beneficial course in my University career. The things mentioned above are just a few of the many takeaways that will follow me well beyond this class.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s