FASH455 BlOG ARTICLES
FASH455, which opens to the entire University of Delaware (UD) community, is a university breadth course in the social and behavioral sciences category. FASH455 is a department core requirement for B.S. in Apparel Design, and B.S. in Fashion Merchandising. The course also fulfills the requirement for Minor in Fashion Management and Minor in Sustainable Apparel and Textile Innovation. The latest FASH455 course schedule can be found HERE.
FASH455 will help you understand how international trade and trade policy work in the 21st-century world economy, which is important to know for EVERY college student. Specifically, the course will explore fashion apparel supply chains and many critical global agendas that are associated with the fashion apparel industry, including:
- Trade and economic development
- Trade and corporate social responsibility
- Debate on trade liberalization and trade protection
- Free trade agreement and trade politics
- International trade and foreign relations
REQUIRED TEXTBOOKS AND READINGS
•FASH455 reading packet
RECOMMENDED SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
Textiles and Apparel in the Global Economy(3rd ed) by Kitty Dickerson, Prentice-Hall (1999);
The Travels of a T-Shirt in the Global Economy (2nd ed–released in December 2014) by P. Rivoli, Wiley;
Global Sourcing in the Textile and Apparel Industry (2nd ed) by Dr. Ha-Brookshire
Sewing Success? Employment, Wages, and Poverty following the End of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement (2012) by Gladys Lopez-Acevedo and
Going Global: The Textile and Apparel Industry (3rd ed) by Grace Kunz and Elena Karpova
Upon completion of the course, the student will be able:
- To comprehend the worldwide importance of the textile and apparel industry (including production, distribution, consumption, and trade) from economic, political and social dimensions;
- To understand the composition, restructuring, major development trends and the competitive status of the U.S. textile and apparel sectors and to consider the domestic complex within the context of a global economy;
- To understand the textile complex in major regions of the world, including their stages of development, functions in the global apparel value chain and key market conditions;
- To analyze the unique trade policies for textiles and apparel and understand how they affect various segments of the industry (including manufacturers, retailers, and consumers) at multiple levels (including multilateral, regional and bilateral);
- To increase awareness of major cutting-edge issues facing the world today and comprehend their potentials impacts on the future landscape of the textile and apparel sector;
IMPORTANCE OF THE SUBJECT
The textile and apparel industry is a thick textbook study far beyond fiber, yarn, fabric, and clothing. It is THE industry that triggered the first Industrial Revolution, among those sectors that embraced globalization early and still plays a critical role in the global economy with cross-cutting economic, social and political influences in the 21st century. Some key facts about this sector today:
- Textiles and apparel remain one of the world’s largest and economically most influential industries in the 21st century. Globally, the market value of textiles, apparel and apparel retailing totaled $2,000 billion annually. In the United States, the sales of apparel and accessories contributed $275 billion to the U.S. economy in 2018.
- The textile and apparel industry plays a uniquely critical role in creating jobs, promoting economic development, enhancing human development and reducing poverty. Globally, over 120 Million people remain directly employed in the textile and apparel industries today, a good proportion of whom are females living in poor rural areas. Particularly, for most developing countries, the textile and apparel sector accounts for 60%–90% of their total merchandise exports and provides one of the very few opportunities for these countries to participate in globalization.
- The textile and apparel industry remains a strong presence in the United States in the 21st century, although the industry has been critically different from the past because of globalization and advancement of technologies. Across the supply chain, the U.S. textile and apparel industry directly employs more than 1.8 million people, who undertake positions ranging from textile mill workers, warehousing, sourcing managers, wholesalers, retail floor associates, merchandisers, buyers, technical designers, and marketing professionals, just to name a few. According to the World Trade Organization, the United States is still the fourth largest textile exporter in the world. The U.S. textile and apparel exports in 2018 totaled nearly $23.4 billion dollars which destined more than 50 countries around the world. U.S. branded apparel also can be found in almost every corner of the world marketplace.
- The textile and apparel industry might be the only sector other than agriculture that is so heavily regulated by trade policies. Because of its global presence and the complicated social, economic and political factors associated with the sector, textile and apparel industry actively involves in almost all critical bilateral, regional and multilateral trade policy debates nowadays. This is the case no matter for responding to the U.S.-China tariff war (U.S. section 301 action), negotiating and ratifying the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Free Trade Agreement (USMCA or NAFTA 2.0), renewing the African Growth and Opportunity Act(AGOA), enforcing stricter labor & environmental standards in trade programs, and restricting imports in the protection of domestic textile manufacturing sector.